Mankind has continued to populate the earth for millennia. Over thousands of years, we have built cities, civilizations, kingdoms, and empires that have stood the test of time till this day. In this post, we've hunted down some of the most ancient cities in the world.

1. Varanasi, India

Varanasi is an ancient and historical city in India dating back to 1500 BC. It is situated on the banks of the Ganges river, which makes it one of the spiritual centers for Hindus due to its great iconic monuments such as Kashi Vishwanath, the  Dashashwamedh Ghat, and the Bharat Mata Temple. Varanasi also attracts thousands of people around the world due to its festivals and celebrations such as the Kumbh Mela.

2. Thebes, Greece

Thebes is a historic city in central Greece that dates back to 3000 BC. It was one of the major centers of Greek civilization, and is one of the oldest cities in the world. It was home to Greek mythological figures such as Cadmus Odepius, Dionysus, and Hercules. The city was well known for its agriculture, mythology, prosperity, and great historic battles.

3. Athens, Greece

Athens, an ancient city-state, boasts of a rich history dating back 3400 years. Its earliest signs of human habitation date back to between the 11th and 7th century BC. Athens was renowned for its thriving culture of arts, education and philosophy. Athens was also home to great thinkers like Aristotle and Plato. It is considered the cradle of western civilization and is famously recognized as the birthplace of democracy. 

4. Arbil, Iran

Arbil was an ancient city located in Iran with a history stretching back thousands of years. It was an important center for trade, culture, and religion, and was known for its sophisticated architecture, rich heritage, and cultural significance. Arbil played a key role in the development of the region and was a significant hub of commerce, art, and politics throughout much of its history. Despite being destroyed and rebuilt multiple times over the centuries, its legacy continues to influence the area and its people today.

5. Aleppo, Syria

Aleppo is an ancient city with a long history of habitation, dating back to the 6th century BC. It was one of the largest cities in Syria during the Ottoman Empire and was even considered more important than Damascus. It was mentioned in the Ebla tablets as “Ha-lam”, and some believe it was once the capital of the kingdom of Armi. The main temple of Hadad was located on citadel hill, and Aleppo was a key stopping point on the Silk Road.

6. Jerusalem, Middle East

Jerusalem is a city located on a plateau in the Judean mountains, situated between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. It is considered the holy city of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Despite its long and storied history, Jerusalem has suffered numerous attacks and has been destroyed, besieged, captured, and recaptured multiple times. The earliest signs of settlement in Jerusalem can be traced back to the City of David, where encampments of nomadic shepherds have been discovered dating back to the 4th millennium BC.

7. Jericho, Palestine

Jericho is a historic town located on the West Bank with a rich history dating back to 9000 BC. It's one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements in the world and has important cultural and biblical significance. The city was first attacked by the Israelites under Joshua and later reoccupied by Hiel the Bethelite. It was also where Herod the Great built a winter residence and died. Jericho is significant for both archaeology and biblical studies.

8. Damascus, Syria

Damascus is the capital of Syria, the oldest capital in the world, and the fourth holiest city in Islam, dating back to the second millennium BCE. Known as the City of Jasmine, it is renowned for its ancient and magnificent architecture, including the Umayyad mosque which is considered one of the oldest mosques. The city played a major part in Middle Eastern history, serving as the capital of the Umayyad empire. Despite the challenges and instability in the region, it continues to be a center of trade and cultural exchange.

9. Faiyum, Egypt

Faiyum is an ancient city located in Egypt, known for its rich history and agriculture. It has been inhabited since 5000 BC and was a major center for agriculture during the Old Kingdom, also known as the fertile land of the Pharaohs. During the Ptolemaic and Roman periods, the city became a center of trade and commerce and a major producer of crops during the Islamic period. The city continued to be an important center of agriculture during the Ottoman Empire, but its importance declined as the empire declined. Today, Faiyum is a bustling city with over 200,000 people and continues to be an important center of agriculture in Egypt.

10. Argos, Greece

Argos is one of the most continuously habited cities in the world and the oldest in Europe. It was a significant and populated city in the Mycenaean era and has a long history dating back to the Bronze Age. The city is famous for its association with Greek mythology, as the birthplace of heroes such as Perseus and Cadmus, and for its strong fortifications. It was often in conflict with neighboring cities like Sparta and Mycenae. Today, visitors can tour the partially excavated site and see remnants of its walls, theaters, and temples.

These ancient cities are a testament to the resilience, creativity, and legacy of human civilization. They have witnessed the rise and fall of empires, the spread of religion and culture, and the evolution of architecture, art, and science. They are not only historic landmarks, but also vibrant centers of life, culture, and commerce that continue to inspire us today. They remind us of the importance of preserving our heritage, respecting cultural differences, and learning from our past as we shape our future.

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Dan Williams
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