It is often said that time evolves people. Mankind has evolved over the ages from eras like the stone age to the bronze age to the medieval age to the Modern era. People change with time but in these cases, there are some people that have chosen to remain isolated from the rest of the world. Here are 10 of the most primitive tribes in the world.

1. Sentinelese Tribe

The Sentinelese, considered the world's most secluded tribe, have garnered widespread attention. They reside on North Sentinel Island, a forested territory roughly the same size as Manhattan, and fiercely reject any attempts at contact, resorting to violence against outsiders who venture near. The tribe made it very apparent that they do not want any civilization, but who can blame them after neighboring tribes and villages have been partially or completely wiped out by the so-called “civilization”? 

2. Jawara Tribe

The Jawara tribe are the indigenous people of the Andaman Islands in India. They live in parts of the south Andaman islands. With a population of an estimated 250-400 people, the tribe has largely shunned interaction with the outside world which has made many parts of their culture and traditions poorly understood. 

3. Onge tribe

The Onge tribe is one of the oldest tribes in India, part of the Andamanese ethnic group, with a population of over 100 people they are a semi-nomadic tribe that is fully dependent on farming, fishing, hunting, and gathering. Even to this day, they remain isolated but they have gradually begun to accept outsiders and go to see the outside world.

4. Ayoreo tribe

The Ayoreo tribe is an Indigenous tribe of the Gran Chaco that lives in an area surrounded by the Paraguay, Pilcomaypo, Parapeti, and Grande rivers. Over the years they’ve had their land forcefully taken from them, and slowly sold to cattle ranchers. They live a life of foraging and hunting and would rather stay isolated from the rest of the world.

5. Mbuti Tribe

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Mbuti, a tribe located in the Ituri Rain Forest of Congo, have chosen to avoid integration with modern society. They are primarily nomads by nature and move from one settlement to another every 3-4 weeks. The number of settlements they use can vary depending on the available resources in an area.

6. Piraha Tribe

This Piraha Tribe of Brazil was initially a sub group of the Mura Tribe who lived deeper in the forest. They separated from the Mura Tribe in the early 1700's and have long since chosen isolation. The Piraha people prefer to not adopt the advantages of civilization and still trade in nuts with nearby villages who build boats for them. The one adaptation they have made is the wearing of homemade clothes.

7. Kalahari Bushmen

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The Kalahari Bushmen were once a thriving tribe in the Kalahari Desert of Botswana. They once had access to all the fruits and meat they needed for survival and they had a disciplined culture. But with modernization came the extinction of the Kalahari way. They were forced out of their homes and their lands were turned into a reserve. The Kalahari people were moved into a resettlement by force. Some of them still reminisce of the old times, claiming that modern life has destroyed them.

8. Huli Tribe

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Huli Tribe is located in Papua New Guinea, and they are a group of strong indigenous people. They have lived in the deepest part of Papua New Guinea for thousands of years, passing on their culture and rituals from one generation to the next. You can recognize a Huli man from his muscular physique and colorful face paint signifying Oneness. The Huli people are primarily hunters.

9. Korowai Tribe

The Korowai are a tribe of around 3000 people who live in remote Papua and were discovered around 35 years ago. They live in tree houses called Rumah Tinggi, some of which can be up to 50 meters above the ground. They are hunter-gatherers and lived in isolation until 1975. They have a village built by the government, where they live in houses divided into two or three rooms with fireplaces. Men and women live separately. The Korowai have had limited contact with the outside world until a documentary film team visited them in 1992. Despite being introduced to healing methods managed by the government, they still use traditional methods for curing pain, and rely heavily on their homemade implements.

10. Himba Tribe

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The Ovahimba and Ovazimba tribes in northern Namibia have a strong traditional culture that has remained resistant to outside influence. With a population of over 50,000, the women are responsible for tasks such as milking cows and caring for children, while the men go hunting. The tribe is polygamous and the wealth of a member is measured by the number of cattle they own. The practice of “Okujepisa Omukazendu” involves a man offering his wife to a guest to spend the night, reducing jealousy and promoting relationships. The woman has little input in the decision and must prioritize submission to her husband's demands, but can refuse to sleep with the guest.


There you have it, 10 of the Most Primitive Tribes in the world. Some have cultures that we can learn from and appreciate, and others have values we could imitate, but they all hold a common passion and loyalty for their tribe and culture. 

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Dan Williams
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